Bile acids are compounds released from the gallbladder that help digest fats
Research indicates TUDCA may be particularly useful for combating the backup of bile acid in the liver (cholestasis) as the water-soluble bile acids may counteract the toxicity of regular bile acids.
TUDCA has also been studied for its ameliorating effects on inflammatory metabolic diseases, including atherosclerosis, diabetes, and renal disease.
TUDCA is able to reduce stress to a cell's Endoplasmic Reticulum -- an organelle that serves as a conduit from the nucleus out into the cytoplasm and assists in folding proteins.
By reducing endoplasmic reticulum stress, TUDCA has been implicated in a wide range of beneficial metabolic effects such as reducing insulin resistance.